The ship’s quarters below the upper deck was made of rough sawn lumber fastened together forming compartments, each one holding four people. Intends to provide a searchable database of all European emigrants who emigrated to North America from German ports between 1820 and 1939. This wave of emigration was caused by economic hardships and religious persecutions after the Thirty Years' War. When Bremerhaven first opened, passengers would have to travel for miles down the Weser River from Bremen to Bremerhaven on crowded river barges, a journey taking three days, until they were brought to the side of their large sailing ship. There, they were assayed any taxes or duties on items they brought into the country, and quarantined until a doctor’s examination. Once they left land, they sailed into the North Sea and on to the English Channel, then out into the Ocean. The major ports of departure for emigrants from Poland were Hamburg and Bremen, but because Hamburg had more agents and advertising in Eastern Europe, it served more Polish emigrants than Bre… FamilySearch Wiki - Germany Emigration and Immigration, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1847-1854, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1855-1862, With Places of Origin, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1863-1867, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1863-1867, With Places of Origin, German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1868-1871, Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild - Bremen, Germany. The port of Bremen, Germany was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. It contains the following: a list of immigrant vessels that arrived between the years of 1865 and 1896 arrival and departure data passenger list availability (citations included) transcribed passenger lists taken from newspaper accounts and souvenir passenger lists (alternative sources) an index of surnames listed on the passenger lists available from alternative sources. For most German emigrants going to America during these years, Bremerhaven was the major port of departure. During the 1700s, there was an influx of German and Scots-Irish immigrants, many of whom arrived as indentured servants or “redemptioners” and stayed in the city to work off the cost of the passage. Few such lists have survived and can be found within various collections. Non-German immigrants are … Finally, many long weeks after the Bremen departure and halfway around the world, America would be before their eyes. The passenger lists are the sole surviving official records of the arrival of the majority of people accepted as immigrants in Canada. Religious groups often settled … Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds the Canadian immigration records for the years … Allardt did help to promote the new town, but he died in Port Huron, Michigan, in August 1882 due to typho-malarial fever. Thousands of them emigrated to England in 1709. Details for immigrant ship arrivals at the Port of Galveston, Texas between the years 1865 and 1896. From the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild and Die Maus Genealogical Society of Bremen Germany. Among them were about 100 Jews. (German colonists had been migrating to Eastern Europe since the Middle Ages and to colonial America since 1683.) Many of the vessels were “plague” ships, quarantined because of cholera or yellow fever, and up to one in six Germans on such a ship died from the long voyage. Wars in Europe and America had slowed the arrival of immigrants for several decades starting in the 1770s, but by 1830 German immigration had increased more than tenfold. If there were toilets, they were usually up on deck and hard to reach for the young, old, ill and everyone else in stormy weather. One reached the upper deck by a steep ship’s ladder. The Bremen Senate set up rules regarding sea-worthiness of the ships departing from her harbors, minimum space requirements and enough adequate provisions for three months at sea. For those landing in New York City before 1855, there was no immigrant processing center as of yet. The passenger list is a list of immigrants arriving at an official port of entry on a particular ship on a given date. In 1847, crowded passage in ‘steerage’ from Bremen to America started at $16.00, a hefty sum to many. Bremerhaven was the port of Bremen because the Bremen port was full of silt and needed dredging. Many German emigrants exited through the ports of Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven. Immigration means to enter a new country and settle there. The same ships carrying in excess of 700 emigrants would only have been allowed by law to carry 500 slaves. It would become port to 7 million emigrants leaving Europe between 1832 and 1874. The usual facility in steerage consisted of a few buckets with privacy screens. Sources are passenger lists. It was not until 1862 that a rail connection between Bremen and Bremerhaven was completed to make the trip easier. From the Swedish port towns of Stockholm, Malmö and Gothenburg, transport companies operated various routes, some of them with complex early stages and consequently a long and trying journey on the road and at sea. In 1575 a great number of people from the Netherlands immigrated to Hamburg and brought much prosperity to the city. Cooking grates were set up on deck for steerage passengers who had to take turns using them in order to prepare a meal and they had to provide their own food. It is estimated that about 1,100,000 people, or 2.5 per cent of the population of Germany emigrated between 1849 and 1854 taking their fortunes with them, worth at least 300,000,000 Thaler or 900,000,000 gold marks. It commemorates the death of Roland who was killed by Muslim and Basque forces attacking the rear-guard of Charlemagne’s army. The German Pietists Mennonites and Amish made up only about 5000 of the German immigrants. When the First World War broke out, shipping to and from Hamburg came to an almost complete standstill. Canada’s main source of Germans was Russia — especially from the Volga, the Black Sea coa… The first ship of record bringing German immigrants to Philadelphia was the ship "America", on Aug 20, 1683. Most emigrants went by train to Germany and then embarked from a German port. Despite this grueling adventure, more and more people made the trip. German immigrants on the steerage deck of the immigrant ship Friedrich der Grosse. Deutsches Auswandererhaus Bremerhaven / German Emigration Center … For some countries, such as Austria, the arrangement is chronological by departure date, with names grouped alphabetically by ship name for that date. Volga Germa… During the war thousands of eastern European laborers worked at its port. Between 1847 and 1853, at least 49 emigrants’ ships, each carrying between 600 to 1,000 passengers, were lost. Photos: Recruitment page advertisement, 1872 expense report by recruitment agents and Maximilian H. Allardt. The city council of Bremen passed ordinances in 1832 that required companies transporting emigrants to file passenger lists containing emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, and places of origin. The first leg of an emigrant’s journey would have been the trip to Bremen itself by train or in a coach. 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